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Did the Iblis become an Angel? - Tafsīr of Ahmad al-Hassan Fails!

Author: Rasul on 4-08-2014, 18:01, Views: 1022

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بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

 

السلام عليكم

 

When Ahmad al-Hassan was asked: Is Iblis from the angels or from the Jinn? He answered: Iblis (la) is from the Jinn, but as a result of his worship, he rose in rank until he had become from the Angels, as Jinn rise in rank by their worship and obedience to Allah, until they become Angels. [...] That is why the Quran would sometimes mention Iblis as an Angel.(1)

 

Now, if we refer to the Tafsīr of Ahl al-Bayt (as) we will found out, that the Angels thought that he [Iblīs] was one of them, but he [Iblīs] was not one of them.

 

واما قوله (وإذ قلنا للملائكة اسجدوا لآدم فسجدوا الا إبليس أبى واستكبر وكان من الكافرين) فإنه حدثني أبي عن ابن أبي عمير عن جميل عن أبي عبد الله (ع) قال سئل عما ندب الله الخلق إليه ادخل فيه الضلالة؟ قال نعم والكافرون دخلوا فيه لان الله تبارك وتعالى امر الملائكة بالسجود لآدم فدخل في امره الملائكة وإبليس فان إبليس كان من الملائكة في السماء يعبد الله وكانت الملائكة تظن انه منهم ولم يكن منهم فلما امر الله الملائكة بالسجود لآدم (ع) اخرج ما كان في قلب إبليس من الحسد فعلم الملائكة عند ذلك ان إبليس لم يكن مثلهم فقيل له (ع) فكيف وقع الامر على إبليس وإنما امر الله الملائكة بالسجود لآدم؟ فقال كان إبليس منهم بالولاء ولم يكن من جنس الملائكة وذلك أن الله خلق خلقا قبل آدم وكان إبليس منهم حاكما في الأرض فعتوا وأفسدوا وسفكوا الدماء فبعث الله الملائكة فقتلوهم وأسروا إبليس ورفعوه إلى السماء وكان مع الملائكة يعبد الله إلى أن خلق الله تبارك وتعالى آدم

 

{And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam they did obeisance, but Iblis [did it not]. He refused and he was proud, and he was one of the unbelievers.}(2) - Imam Ja’far (as) said: [...] "Allah (swt) commanded to the Angels to bow to the Adam, and this order also applied to Iblis. Iblis was with the Angels in the heaven, and worshiped Allah and the Angels thought that he was one of them, but he was not one of them.'' - ''When Allah ordered to the Angels to bow to Adam, what was in the heart of Iblis came out - from the envy, and then the angels knew that he was not one of them.'' [...] The Imam (as) was asked: "How the order of Allah to bow to the Adam could apply to the Iblis, if he was not of the Angels?" He (as) said: "Iblis was in the army of the Angels, but was not created out of their nature, and it is because Allah created the creation before Adam and Iblis was among them the king of the Earth. But they disobeyed and began to make mischief and shed blood, and Allah sent Angels, and they killed them, and took Iblis to the sky, and he worshiped Allah with the Angels until Allah created Adam."

 

 

_______________________

 

Shia References.

Source: Tafsīr al-Qummī by ‘Alī ibn Ibrāhīm al-Qummī, Volume 1, page 35-36,

(1) al-Motashabihat, 1 / 37,

(2) Qurʾān [2:34]

 

 

(Click on the image below - in order to enlarge ;)

Did the Iblis become an Angel? - Tafsīr of Ahmad al-Hassan Fails!

Did the Iblis become an Angel? - Tafsīr of Ahmad al-Hassan Fails!

Did the Iblis become an Angel? - Tafsīr of Ahmad al-Hassan Fails!

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